Aug 25, 2019. I Samuel 14:24-30, Out of the Mouth of Fools

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OUT OF THE MOUTH OF FOOLS. I Samuel 14:24-30. 08/25/2019.#42.

1 Samuel 14:24-30 New King James Version (NKJV)

24 And the men of Israel were distressed that day, for Saul had placed the people under oath, saying, “Cursed is the man who eats any food until evening, before I have taken vengeance on my enemies.” So none of the people tasted food. 25 Now all the people of the land came to a forest; and there was honey on the ground. 26 And when the people had come into the woods, there was the honey, dripping; but no one put his hand to his mouth, for the people feared the oath. 27 But Jonathan had not heard his father charge the people with the oath; therefore he stretched out the end of the rod that was in his hand and dipped it in a honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth; and his countenance brightened. 28 Then one of the people said, “Your father strictly charged the people with an oath, saying, ‘Cursed is the man who eats food this day.’ ” And the people were faint. 29 But Jonathan said, “My father has troubled the land. Look now, how my countenance has brightened because I tasted a little of this honey. 30 How much better if the people had eaten freely today of the spoil of their enemies which they found! For now would there not have been a much greater slaughter among the Philistines?”

  1. How to mess up a great victory
    1. Israel was winning a great victory
      1. God had used Jonathan’s initiative to rout the Phil.
      1. Saul and Israel came late to the rout
    1. The Lord had distressed the Phil. and they attacked each other while Jonathan and his armor bearer advanced
    1. Saul sees what was happening and then declares that no one is to eat until his enemies were vanquished
      1. A vow that hurt his own army
      1. This was probably the first thing that came into Saul’s mind
      1. An incredibly egotistical foolish declaration
  2. A vow of disdain
    1. Saul’s vow made no sense:
      1. it could add nothing to the battle (Matthew 23:18-20)
      1. God did not lead Saul to say the oath
      1. An army must be energized with food (fighting takes much energy)
      1. The oath placed a curse on Saul‘s own army and not the Philistines
      1. There is no power to enforce the oath spoken
    1. Oaths are universally discouraged in Scripture
      1. Colossians 5:4 they are usually detrimental
      1. Psalm 15:4 God expects payment of the oath even if it hurts the one who made the oath
      1. Numbers 30:3-13 a husband can negate a vow sworn by his wife
      1. Jephthah ‘s rash vow cost him his daughter
      1. Acts 23:12-15 forty men swore they would fast until Paul was killed
      1. Mt. 5:23 the Lord said that we should simply let our yes or no suffice
    1. Certain vows are led by the Lord
      1. Exodus 20 the covenant vow between God and Israel
      1. Psalm 116 David swore fealty to the Lord
      1. Romans 10:9-10 believers are to faith to their allegiance to the Lord
      1. Romans 13:1-7 Christians are to be loyal citizens of the state
  3. An army in distress
    1. The entire Israelite army was fainting and distressed
      1. They could not press the battle, so the victory was far less than what it could have been
      1. Saul’s ego brought misery upon his army, his kingdom, and himself (Proverbs 16:18)
    1. Leadership is responsible for the people under him
      1. Israel need a wise humble king, be got a fool
      1. A rash leader is reckless and destroys his people
    1. Jonathan was not present when the oath was made
      1. Jonathan found some honey and ate some
      1. A soldier informs Jonathan of the oath
    1. Jonathan states that his father has “troubled the land”
      1. Jonathan recognizes how foolish it is to forbid soldiers to take in nourishment
      1. Jonathan now Is under a curse though he led victory
    1. Afterward, Saul does not repent but repeats his error

Aug 25, 2019. Galatians 4:1-7, From Slave to Son

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FROM SLAVE TO SON. Galatians 4:1-7. 08/25/2019. #14. AM.

Galatians 4:1-7 New King James Version (NKJV)

1 Now I say that the heir, as long as he is a child, does not differ at all from a slave, though he is master of all, 2 but is under guardians and stewards until the time appointed by the father. 3 Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world. 4 But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law, 5 to redeem those who were under the law, that we might receive the adoption as sons. 6 And because you are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of His Son into your hearts, crying out, “Abba, Father!” 7 Therefore you are no longer a slave but a son, and if a son, then an heir [c]of God [d]through Christ.

  1. The Law as governess
    1. Paul moves from describing The Law as a warden to describing it as a child guardian, tutor, or attendant
      1. Child guardians were common in ancient Greece and Rome and gave way to the nannies and governesses
      1. A tutor taught, disciplined, guided, and protected the child and heir (Aristotle taught Alexander the Great)
    1. This is the final illustration of what The Law was like
      1. Paul goes to extremes to identify the function of The Law (a condemner, a warden, tutor, guardian)
      1. The Law is not a Savior
      1. The Law brings guilt of sin, condemnation, judgment, and hopelessness
      1. The Law directs us the One who could fulfill it
      1. Only God could deliver us from custody of Law
    1. God’s holiness is tempered by grace and love

                                LAW (God’s holiness)

                                                     / \

                                                   /__ \ LORDSHIP (saving faith)

                                              LOVE (God’s grace)

  • Ripe Time
    • In the fullness of time Christ came to save us
      • Christ was not incarnated until over 4,000 years after Adam fell and 2,000 years after Abraham
      • The Law was not given until 400 years after Abr.
      • No explanation is given as to the timing of the Incarnation into the world (Romans 5:6-11)
    • Death reigned over man for 4000 years before Christ
      • The Law was not given until 1450 years before the Incarnation
      • Men who died apart from the Law were as guilty of sin as those died after the giving of Law
      • Both The Law and Incarnation were set in fixed time
    • The fullness of time is a theme in Bible
      • Genesis 15:16 Israel would conquer the land when the sins of the Amorites were full
      • I Corinthians 15:16 Paul became an Apostle in due time
      • Acts 1:6-7 Christ will return is due time
    • The timing of Christ’s coming was set by God’s plan
    • There were several advantages to Christ coming in 1st cent.
      • Rome had united all of Europe, W. Asia, and Egypt
      • Rome had imposed peace throughout the empire
      • There was an extensive sate road system for travel
      • Greek was the common trade language of empire
      • Israel was under Rome’s control
  • From slave to adopted heir
    • While we were under the tutelage of The Law we were slaves (a child heir is treated as a slave by guardian)
    • In Christ we have obtained heirship to the throne of God
      • The Spirit seals this position in our hearts
      • God, our creator, now is also our Father
    • We are adopted children
      • Under Roman adoption laws, an adopted child had equal rights to a natural born child
      • A natural born child cannot take the place in inheritance of an older adopted child
    • Christ is the only natural son, but we have been elevated to adopted children as it we were natural sons of God

Aug 18, 2019. Galatians 3:23-29, Get Out of Jail

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GET OUT OF JAIL. Galatians 3:23-29. 08/18/19. #13. AM.

Galatians 3:23-29 New King James Version (NKJV)

23 But before faith came, we were kept under guard by the law, kept for the faith which would afterward be revealed. 24 Therefore the law was our tutor to bring us to Christ, that we might be justified by faith. 25 But after faith has come, we are no longer under a tutor. 26 For you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus. 27 For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ. 28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus. 29 And if you are Christ’s, then you are Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise.

  1. Warden
    1. The Law had placed us under guard
      1. Here Paul describes us as being jailed
      1. The Law is a warden, making sure we stay imprisoned
    1. The sentence is for life and beyond
      1. The Law has no capacity to release us
      1. The Law has no desire to release us
      1. The Law only has capacity to convict us and then hold us as prisoners
    1. The Law confirmed that the sentence given to Adam is passed on to all of Adam’s descendants
      1. Genesis 2-3 Adam committed the crime of violating God’s lawful order to refrain from eating a fruit
      1. The sentence for violation was death
      1. The lawful sentence put all of Adam’s offspring on death row (both temporally and eternally)
      1. The Law confirmed the sentence through a detailed listing of laws and violations of which every human is guilty with multiple infractions
      1. The sentence of death is lawful, permanent, and beyond appeal (Romans 6:23, Revelation 20:11-15)
    1. Someone who has more authority, power, ability, and desire to free us must let us out if we are to avoid execution
    1. The Law is judge, jury, and executioner, John 3:13-21
      1. It could be nothing beyond this
      1. The Law confirms that we are self-condemning
        1. The problem is not God’s Law, but us
        1. The Law confirms our guilt to us
  2. Supervisor
    1. The Law is not only our warden, but our tutor
      1. Every day the Law teaches us the errors of our way through instructing us on our violations
      1. As a jailhouse tutor the Law instructs us for our rehabilitation, not by reforming us, but by condemning us so we can accept our guilt
    1. The first step in rehabilitation is to accept our guilt
      1. Via demonstrating that there is not the slightest hint of righteousness in us we are hopelessly lost
      1. One must accept our fatal guilt to receive deliverance through faith in the atoning Christ
    1. If we understand our lost condition the Law has down its vital job and the door to faith is now open to us
  3. Seed
    1. The Jews believed that salvation was exclusively given to the physical seed of Abraham
      1. God told Abraham that via him that “all families” of the world would be blessed
      1. Through Abr.’s Seed all would be benefitted
    1. Jesus came from the seed of Abraham
      1. His death on the cross was a universal payment for mankind
      1. The payment was for all genders, ethnicities, and socio-economic entities
    1. Jews, Gentiles, males, females, bond, and free have equal status in Christ (earthly destinations make no difference)

Aug 4, 2019. I Samuel 14:11-23, Jonathon, Warrior of God

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JONATHON—WARRIOR OF GOD. I Samuel 14:11-23. 08/04/2019. #41.

1 Samuel 14:11-23 New King James Version (NKJV)

11 So both of them showed themselves to the garrison of the Philistines. And the Philistines said, “Look, the Hebrews are coming out of the holes where they have hidden.” 12 Then the men of the garrison called to Jonathan and his armorbearer, and said, “Come up to us, and we will show you something.” Jonathan said to his armorbearer, “Come up after me, for the Lord has delivered them into the hand of Israel.” 13 And Jonathan climbed up on his hands and knees with his armorbearer after him; and they fell before Jonathan. And as he came after him, his armorbearer killed them. 14 That first slaughter which Jonathan and his armorbearer made was about twenty men within about half an acre of land. 15 And there was trembling in the camp, in the field, and among all the people. The garrison and the raiders also trembled; and the earth quaked, so that it was a very great trembling. 16 Now the watchmen of Saul in Gibeah of Benjamin looked, and there was the multitude, melting away; and they went here and there. 17 Then Saul said to the people who were with him, “Now call the roll and see who has gone from us.” And when they had called the roll, surprisingly, Jonathan and his armorbearer were not there. 18 And Saul said to Ahijah, “Bring the ark of God here” (for at that time the ark of God was with the children of Israel). 19 Now it happened, while Saul talked to the priest, that the noise which was in the camp of the Philistines continued to increase; so Saul said to the priest, “Withdraw your hand.” 20 Then Saul and all the people who were with him assembled, and they went to the battle; and indeed every man’s sword was against his neighbor, and there was very great confusion. 21 Moreover the Hebrews who were with the Philistines before that time, who went up with them into the camp from the surrounding country, they also joined the Israelites who were with Saul and Jonathan. 22 Likewise all the men of Israel who had hidden in the mountains of Ephraim, when they heard that the Philistines fled, they also followed hard after them in the battle. 23 So the Lord saved Israel that day, and the battle shifted to Beth Aven.

  1. Jonathan’s boldness
    1. Jonathan was extremely brave, bold, and faithful
      1. His armor bearer was equally brave and loyal
      1. To challenge an entire Philistines garrison was brazen
    1. There is a major difference between faith and foolishness
      1. A fool acts on his own
      1. A person of faith is led by the Lord
      1. Jonathan felt led by the Lord to attack Philistines on own
      1. The faithful know when they are being led by the Lord
      1. The foolish push through stop signs put up by the Lord, always with devastating results
    1. The faithful are led to minister, even if it is difficult
      1. Amos was led to deliver a message
      1. Esther was led to become queen and protect her people
      1. Ruth was led to glean in Boaz’s field
      1. Jeremiah was led to warn of pending judgment
    1. The foolish are presumptuous
      1. Jacob fooled his father, lsaac, with bad results
      1. Abraham takes Hagar to wife without consulting with God and Moses strikes the rock
      1. Joshua attacks Ai without being led to do so
      1. Gehazi lies to get wealth from Naaman
    1. Certain urges are from God: Abraham being led to Canaan, Caleb led to attack giants, Elijah led to Mount Carmel to confront priests of Baal
    1. Certain urges are from ourselves and not God: Jephthah’s rash vow, Balaam’s desire to please Balak, Paul’s desire to go to Jerusalem, Peter backing away from Gentile believers, Solomon marrying foreign wives
    1. A faithful believer can sense the leading of the Spirit
      1. Acts 13 the Spirit led Paul to go to Europe
      1. The Spirit led Abigail to stop David from committing wanton murder
  2. The hand of God
    1. Jonathan sought a sign from God (a certain statement from the Philistine’s garrison)
    1. Signs were typical in Old Testament dealings (Gideon, Saul, Hezekiah, Abraham, and even at the birth of Christ in Bethlehem)
    1. In the New Testament, the Spirit directly led disciples without signs
      1. Peter discerning Ananias’s lie, Philip going to the desert, Paul had several visions…
      1. Matthew 16:4 a wicked generation seeks a sign
    1. Jonathan moved when Philistines gave the sign, “Come up here…”
    1. Jonathan and armor bearer kill 20 Philistines within half an acre
  3. God takes charge
    1. One movement of faith brought God’s full power to bear in a great victory (ground shaking, confusion, and Philistines attacking each other as with Gideon and Midianites)
    1. God allows the hiding Israelites to gain a great victory
    1. Often God waits for one faithful man to step forward at his leading before he demonstrates his great power
    1. God gains the victory and his people gain the benefit

Aug 4, 2019. Galatians 3:15-18, A Divine Contract

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A DIVINE CONTRACT. Galatians 3:15-18. 08/04/2019. #11. AM.

Galatians 3:15-18 [New King James Version (NKJV)]

15 Brethren, I speak in the manner of men: Though it is only a man’s covenant, yet if it is confirmed, no one annuls or adds to it. 16 Now to Abraham and his Seed were the promises made. He does not say, “And to seeds,” as of many, but as of one, “And to your Seed,” who is Christ. 17 And this I say, that the law, which was four hundred and thirty years later, cannot annul the covenant that was confirmed before by God in Christ, that it should make the promise of no effect. 18 For if the inheritance is of the law, it is no longer of promise; but God gave it to Abraham by promise.

  1. God’s covenant with Abraham was permanent
    1. Paul invites the Galatians to reason along with him
      1. Considering what is read or heard is important
      1. God wants us to weigh the evidence (Acts 17:11)
      1. Superficial reading of God’s Word leads to misunderstanding [consider other pertinent possibilities)
    1. Paul compares God’s covenants with manmade contracts
    1. Contracts usually have three provisions specified:
      1. The parties covered by the contract
      1. Terms and length of the contract
      1. Penalties for noncompliance in the contract
    1. God’s contract with Abraham dispensed with both Abraham’s compliance and the penalty clause
      1. God would fulfill the covenant (contract) with Abraham unconditionally
      1. Abraham had not been called upon to agree to any condition and did not contribute to the deal
      1. There is no penalty clause since God never fails
    1. Contracts have 3 kinds of time frames:
      1. Specific limited time — Mosaic Covenant would be in effect “until Shiloh (Christ) comes (Genesis 49:10)
      1. Until a specific provision is fulfilled — the church age will end at the Rapture (1 Thessalonians 4:11-18)
      1. Unlimited — I Thessalonians 4:17 ever be with the Lord
    1. The limit on Abraham’s Covenant was “until all the families of the world will be blessed” (Genesis 26:1-5)
      1. The Mosaic Covenant did not supersede Abraham’s
      1. Covenant Theology: each new covenant replaces and absorbs previous covenants
      1. The Mosaic Covenant was an interlude (place holder) on the way to fulfilling the Abraham Covenant (served as a teacher, guide, and standard)
  2. God’s blessing to all people came via 1 descendent of Abraham
    1. Paul’s use of “seed” rather than “seeds” highlights a limitation of language
      1. “Seed” is a collective noun (can mean many)
      1. Paul uses “seed” because there is no other word to use (so Moses uses it in Genesis 26:4)
      1. NW tries to solve the problem in Genesis 26:4 by using “offspring” in the place of seed
        1. “Offspring” is another collective noun
        1. Messes up Paul’s reference to Genesis 26
        1. The Hebrew word is “seed”
    1. English was a singular word “descendent”, but neither Greek nor Hebrew has this word
    1. Paul solves the problem by informing us that the Spirit indicates that seed in Genesis 26:4 is singular (just as Matthew tells as the almah in Isaiah 7:14 means virgin and not young woman) — THE INSPIRED WRITERS DEFINE INTENT
    1. To argue with a biblical author is to argue with God
  3. The giving of the Law was independent of Abraham’s Covenant
    1. The Law had no impact on Abraham’s Covenant
    1. The Law was a tool to prepare Israel and the world for the coming of the Promised One descended from Abraham
  4. Eternal life came through the promise given to Abraham
    1. Paul concludes that the Galatians needed to look to the fulfilled promise given to Abraham and not the Law given to Moses
    1. If we look to the Law for salvation, the promise given to Abraham is voided and we are still lost
    1. Our inheritance comes through Christ, the Promised One

Jul 21, 2019. I Samuel 13:16-14:10, Jonathan Makes His Move

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JONATHAN MAKES HIS MOVE. I Samuel 13:16-14:10. 07/21/2019. #40.

I Samuel 13:16-14:10 [New King James Version (NKJV)]

16 Saul, Jonathan his son, and the people present with them remained in Gibeah of Benjamin. But the Philistines encamped in Michmash. 17 Then raiders came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies. One company turned onto the road to Ophrah, to the land of Shual, 18 another company turned to the road to Beth Horon, and another company turned to the road of the border that overlooks the Valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness. 19 Now there was no blacksmith to be found throughout all the land of Israel, for the Philistines said, “Lest the Hebrews make swords or spears.” 20 But all the Israelites would go down to the Philistines to sharpen each man’s plowshare, his mattock, his ax, and his sickle; 21 and the charge for a sharpening was a pim for the plowshares, the mattocks, the forks, and the axes, and to set the points of the goads. 22 So it came about, on the day of battle, that there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people who were with Saul and Jonathan. But they were found with Saul and Jonathan his son. 23 And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the pass of Michmash.

1 Now it happened one day that Jonathan the son of Saul said to the young man who bore his armor, “Come, let us go over to the Philistines’ garrison that is on the other side.” But he did not tell his father. 2 And Saul was sitting in the outskirts of Gibeah under a pomegranate tree which is in Migron. The people who were with him were about six hundred men. 3 Ahijah the son of Ahitub, Ichabod’s brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the Lord’s priest in Shiloh, was wearing an ephod. But the people did not know that Jonathan had gone. 4 Between the passes, by which Jonathan sought to go over to the Philistines’ garrison, there was a sharp rock on one side and a sharp rock on the other side. And the name of one was Bozez, and the name of the other Seneh. 5 The front of one faced northward opposite Michmash, and the other southward opposite Gibeah. 6 Then Jonathan said to the young man who bore his armor, “Come, let us go over to the garrison of these uncircumcised; it may be that the Lord will work for us. For nothing restrains the Lord from saving by many or by few.” 7 So his armorbearer said to him, “Do all that is in your heart. Go then; here I am with you, according to your heart.” 8 Then Jonathan said, “Very well, let us cross over to these men, and we will show ourselves to them. 9 If they say thus to us, ‘Wait until we come to you,’ then we will stand still in our place and not go up to them. 10 But if they say thus, ‘Come up to us,’ then we will go up. For the Lord has delivered them into our hand, and this will be a sign to us.”

  1. Saul waits
    1. Saul has no ability to initiate an attack against Philistines
      1. He has 600 men against thousands
      1. Saul has no idea as to what to do (he waits)
      1. Samuel has left Saul and most volunteers have left
    1. Situation is desperate (outnumbered and out-equipped)
      1. No weapons—just farm implements
      1. No blacksmiths—Israel 90 Philistines to sharpen tools
    1. Philistines moved to Michmash in battle array (split forces in three groups to raid supplies and cut Saul off)
      1. Ahitub is priest (Ichabod’s brother), son of Phineas and grandson of Eli (Ichabod born as ark was taken) —all
      1. the priests except one were later killed by Saul
  2. Jonathon takes initiative again
    1. Jonathon had attacked the Philistines at Geba, apparently without Saul’s knowledge
      1. This is why the Philistines attacked
      1. No recording of Saul dealing with his son
    1. Jonathan runs into Philistines at Mich. where he wanted to cross
    1. Jonathan was of a different nature than his father
      1. Unlike Saul, Jonathan was fearless and courageous
      1. Jonathan was more sensitive to God than Saul
        1. “God can save by many or a few”
        1. Man of great faith
      1. Jonathan disregarded Saul’s authority (insubordinate through acting without obtaining permission)
        1. Does not respect Saul by informing him
        1. Even if Saul does wrong, he is still the king and in charge
  3. Jonathon, an army of one
    1. Jonathan is bold and perhaps sensitive to God’s leading
      1. It is hard to say if God prompted Jonathan or simply used his actions to achieve victory for Israel
      1. Neither Saul nor God condemn Jonathan for his forwardness, but the results were favorable
    1. It is commendable to take initiative within context and proper order
      1. Every person is a part of a larger unit and must work within the confines of the organization
      1. Jonathan moves on his own with regard to any chain of command or due deference to superiors
      1. Jonathan does not respect Saul as father and king, though he stays loyal to dad to the end
    1. There is no indication of coordinated planning (perhaps Jonathan could not get his father to advance a strategy)
    1. Was the Lord in Jonathan’s actions?
      1. The results were positive
      1. Often the Lord uses us even if we do not do well (Paul, Jonah, Joshua, Moses, Samson)
    1. Note that the unnamed armor bearer is as brave as Jonathan and completely loyal to him (also, a confident)-many great things are done due to unsung support agents
    1. Was Jonathan justified in going over Saul’s head?
    1. There is a context in which subordinates should compensate for incompetent leadership w/out a coup

Jul 21, 2019. Galatians 3:10-14, From Curse To Crown

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FROM CURSE TO CROWN. Galatians 3:10-14.  07/21/2019. #10. AM.

Galatians 3:10-14 [New King James Version (NKJV)]

10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse; for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who does not continue in all things which are written in the book of the law, to do them.” 11 But that no one is justified by the law in the sight of God is evident, for “the just shall live by faith.” 12 Yet the law is not of faith, but “the man who does them shall live by them.” 13 Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, having become a curse for us (for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree”), 14 that the blessing of Abraham might come upon the Gentiles in Christ Jesus, that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.

  1. Paul rationally lays out a case against Judaizers
    1. Paul uses a series of disconnected concepts to show truth
      1. The Law only brings a curse to those living by it
      1. Christ became a curse in order to save us
    1. Paul emphasizes a profound truth—A PERSON WILL BE JUDGED BY THE STANDARDS THEY LIVE BY
      1. Matthew 23 Jesus condemned the Pharisees based upon their own stated rules
      1. Legalists are hypocrites who violate own rules
  2. The Law brings a curse
    1. Paul establishes 3 principles for those who try to justify themselves through Law keeping
      1. One who seeks to be justified by the Law must KEEP ALL THE LAW ALL THE TIME
      1. Any violation of any of the Law at any time brings the CURSE of the Law on the violator
      1. Principles of justification by faith and Law are mutually exclusive (no mixture of principles)
    1. The Law is not cursed, but the Law becomes a curse to those who violate any part of the Law
    1. The law is an aid to bring people to faith {important}
      1. The Law is not evil or cruel
      1. The Law directs man to God
      1. The perfection of the Law teaches man that God is perfect it men is flawed, Incapable of spiritual perfection or self—directed holiness
      1. Since the Law cannot justify man, man is totally incapable of producing his own salvation
      1. Man must depend upon God to provide a means of salvation (faith, truth}
    1. The perfection of the Law removes the false illusion that man can save himself by his own efforts
      1. The only choice left is to trust God for salvation
      1. One must preach Law before one can preach grace
      1. Habakkuk 2:4 the just shall live by faith
  3. Jesus became a curse for us
    1. Jesus Christ took the curse of the Law on himself
      1. Jesus is perfect and flawlessly fulfills the Law
      1. Jesus took upon the guilt of sin he didn’t commit
    1. Jesus becoming a curse is pejorative and not symbolic
      1. Both the curse was real and the payment was real
      1. Jesus did not become a curse as our representative, but he became a curse as our substitute
    1. Through being our actual substitute (taking our place] he bought us back [literally, redeemed us from the marketplace where we were slaves to sin]
    1. Paul does use the commonplace “saved from sin”, but instead “became a curse“
      1. Deuteronomy 21:23 cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree
      1. When Joshua captured the 5 southern kings in a cave he killed them and hung them on trees in disgrace
      1. Jesus took the curse of the Law on himself for our sakes so we may be redeemed (I Peter 1:10-21)
    1. Christ became a curse to remove the curse from man
    1. Christ‘s payment was complete and Spirit given to us

Jul 14, 2019. I Samuel 13:1-15, King-sized Failure

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KING-SIZED FAILURE. I Samuel 13:1-15. 07/14/2019. #39.

I Samuel 13:1-15 [New King James Version (NKJV)]

1 Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, 2 Saul chose for himself three thousand men of Israel. Two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in the mountains of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin. The rest of the people he sent away, every man to his tent. 3 And Jonathan attacked the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba, and the Philistines heard of it. Then Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, “Let the Hebrews hear!” 4 Now all Israel heard it said that Saul had attacked a garrison of the Philistines, and that Israel had also become an abomination to the Philistines. And the people were called together to Saul at Gilgal.

5 Then the Philistines gathered together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude. And they came up and encamped in Michmash, to the east of Beth Aven. 6 When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger (for the people were distressed), then the people hid in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits. 7 And some of the Hebrews crossed over the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. As for Saul, he was still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling. 8 Then he waited seven days, according to the time set by Samuel. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him. 9 So Saul said, “Bring a burnt offering and peace offerings here to me.” And he offered the burnt offering. 10 Now it happened, as soon as he had finished presenting the burnt offering, that Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him. 11 And Samuel said, “What have you done?” Saul said, “When I saw that the people were scattered from me, and that you did not come within the days appointed, and that the Philistines gathered together at Michmash, 12 then I said, ‘The Philistines will now come down on me at Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to the Lord.’ Therefore I felt compelled, and offered a burnt offering.” 13 And Samuel said to Saul, “You have done foolishly. You have not kept the commandment of the Lord your God, which He commanded you. For now the Lord would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. 14 But now your kingdom shall not continue. The Lord has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the Lord has commanded him to be commander over His people, because you have not kept what the Lord commanded you.” 15 Then Samuel arose and went up from Gilgal to Gibeah of [e]Benjamin. And Saul numbered the people present with him, about six hundred men.

  1. Call to arms
    1. Saul‘s ascendancy does not last long (Saul’s star fades fast while David’s begins to rise]
    1. After Samuel’s speech, Saul sends all but 3,000 home
      1. Saul reigns 40 years over Israel
      1. Jonathan, Saal’s son, commands 1000 troops
    1. Jonathan attacks the Philistine garrison at Geba {seems to surprise Saul who has to call rest of Israel to bathe]
    1. Philistines bring a hoard (3,000 chariots and infantry) to Michmash
      1. Most of Jews hide in caves a among rocks (they are farmers. shepherds, and peasants]
      1. Some even cross over the Jordan
  2. Saul becomes impatient
    1. Saul waits seven days for Samuel to come to sacrifice
      1. God’s blessing must be sought
      1. Saul sees his army slipping away
      1. Saul decides to make the sacrifice instead (reveals Saul’s true character]
    1. Saul fails his first test (and will fail many more]
      1. Saul was told to wait for Samuel to came
      1. Saul was the king, not a priest or prophet (until Christ returns government and religion stay apart]
      1. This was a test of Saul’s faith 8; obedience
    1. Saul uses his own wisdom instead of obeying God
    1. No sooner had Saul finished his sacrifice, Samuel comes
  3. The fate of Saul
    1. Samuel asks what Saul has done?
    1. Saul’ excuses reveal his weakness {he never changes}
      1. Saul’s men were scattering
      1. The Philistines were assembling a large force
      1. Saul was afraid that the Phil. would attack
      1. Saul had to seek the Lord’s favor
      1. He was compelled to make a sacrifice
    1. Wrong decisions can be forgiven if there is repentance
    1. Saul’s reasoning was sound on a human level but not on a faith level {Saul never arises above his fleshly nature)
    1. Three factors that Saul never considers:
      1. The batlte belongs to the Lord (2 Chronicles 20:15)
        1. Saul would not win with his small force
        1. Like Gideon, this was a test of faith in a test God’s will in known and choice is ours
        1. Saul had experienced God’s working in first victory. but it did not transfer to faith
      1. Saul was afraid because he focused on situation {trust in Lord must override our tears and doubts}
      1. Saul’s compulsion to sacrifice was out of his own fears {can’t find Lord’s favor in disobedience}
    1. Like Adam. Saul fails the test miserably
      1. God’s will was clear by commandment
      1. God = going to establish Soul’s line perpetually
      1. Samuel tells Saul that his line would not last (what he told Eli at start, he tells Saul at end of ministry)
    1. Saul is told that he is seeking a man after his own heart
    1. As Samuel leaves for Gilgal, Saul is left with 600 men
    1. Saul repeats this same sin in chapter 15

Jul 14, 2019. Galatians 3:6-9, The Faith of Abraham

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THE FAITH OF ABRAHAM. Galatians 3:6-9 07/14/2019. #09. AM.                  

Galatians 3:6-9 [New King James Version (NKJV)]

6 just as Abraham “believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.” 7 Therefore know that only those who are of faith are sons of Abraham. 8 And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel to Abraham beforehand, saying, “In you all the nations shall be blessed.” 9 So then those who are of faith are blessed with believing Abraham.

  1. Consider Abraham
    1. Abraham was revered by all the Jews {founding father}
      1. Many Jews in Southern Galatia
      1. Paul had taught Galatians about Abraham
    1. Important to learn correct messages out of Scripture
      1. Judaizers taught that Abraham’s works were amounted by God as righteous
      1. Paul demonstrated that Abraham’s belief was accounted by God as righteous
    1. Not eisegesis (reading into a text one’s own opinions}. but exegesis (taking out of a text what is truly there}
      1. Abraham came 400 years before Mosaic Law given
      1. Abraham was a child of God apart tram the Law
    1. Paul took the same Abraham texts as the Judaizers but gave a different interpretation (no imposing will on text]
    1. Either Abraham’s works or his faith justified him {not both}
    1. Judaizers imposed works interpretation back to Abraham
      1. Paul believed the same thing before salvation
      1. Only dedicated Old Testament saints understood faith
  2. The just shall live by faith
    1. Salvation by faith is throughout the Old Testament
      1. Job 13:15 though he slay me, yet will I trust him
      1. Psalm 2:12 blessed are those who take refuge in the Son [trust in Lord for protection and deliverance]
      1. Proverbs 3:5 trust in the Lord with all your heart…
      1. Jeremiah 17:5-10, blessed is the man who trusts in the Lord (verse 7)…but the wicked will be judged by the fruit of his doings (verse 10]
      1. Naham 1:7 the Lord…knows who trusts in him
      1. Habakkuk 2:4 the fast shall live by faith
    1. The Judge’s argument was that Abraham was justified by being circumcised as an act of obedience (Genesis 12}
      1. Hyper—literalism — reading a passage superficially without considering the greater context and meaning (what’s the real point?)
      1. The Bible is self-interpreting {1 Corinthians 2} within chapters and books as compared to rest of Bible
    1. Paul taught the Galatians the true meaning of Abraham’s call
      1. II Timothy 2:5 — important to carefully study the Word without preconceived ideas or spiritualizing it
  3. Paul challenges the Galatians to look carefully at the Word
    1. Paul puts forth three arguments that alluded most Jews:
      1. Genesis 15:6 Abraham believed God that He would provide Abraham a son and his belief justified him
        1. His belief led to his obedience _
        1. Isaiah 64:6 all work-based salvation efforts is useless self-righteousness
      1. Abraham was not under Law {predated Law]
      1. In (through; by) Abraham all the families of the world would be blessed (not just Abraham’s seed]
    1. Paul made the connection between Abraham and the present
      1. Judges taught that Abraham was blessed because he was circumcised, so the Gentiles must be circumcised
      1. Abraham was really blessed by his faith (trust) in God
        1. Faithful women were not circumcised
        1. Faith is praised in Word; not circumcision
    1. Through Abraham’s seed, not circumcised, all are blessed
    1. Never are we said to be blessed because of circumcision of Abraha
    1. Faith leads to holy acts, but acts never engender faith

Jul 7, 2019. I Samuel 12:52-25, A King-sized Warning

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A KING-SIZED WARNING. I Samuel 12:51-25. 07/07/2019. #38.

1 Samuel 12:6-25 [New King James Version (NKJV)]

6 Then Samuel said to the people, “It is the Lord who raised up Moses and Aaron, and who brought your fathers up from the land of Egypt. 7 Now therefore, stand still, that I may reason with you before the Lord concerning all the righteous acts of the Lord which He did to you and your fathers: 8 When Jacob had gone into Egypt, and your fathers cried out to the Lord, then the Lord sent Moses and Aaron, who brought your fathers out of Egypt and made them dwell in this place. 9 And when they forgot the Lord their God, He sold them into the hand of Sisera, commander of the army of Hazor, into the hand of the Philistines, and into the hand of the king of Moab; and they fought against them. 10 Then they cried out to the Lord, and said, ‘We have sinned, because we have forsaken the Lord and served the Baals and Ashtoreths; but now deliver us from the hand of our enemies, and we will serve You.’ 11 And the Lord sent Jerubbaal, Bedan, Jephthah, and Samuel, and delivered you out of the hand of your enemies on every side; and you dwelt in safety. 12 And when you saw that Nahash king of the Ammonites came against you, you said to me, ‘No, but a king shall reign over us,’ when the Lord your God was your king. 13 “Now therefore, here is the king whom you have chosen and whom you have desired. And take note, the Lord has set a king over you. 14 If you fear the Lord and serve Him and obey His voice, and do not rebel against the commandment of the Lord, then both you and the king who reigns over you will continue following the Lord your God. 15 However, if you do not obey the voice of the Lord, but rebel against the commandment of the Lord, then the hand of the Lord will be against you, as it was against your fathers.

16 “Now therefore, stand and see this great thing which the Lord will do before your eyes: 17 Is today not the wheat harvest? I will call to the Lord, and He will send thunder and rain, that you may perceive and see that your wickedness is great, which you have done in the sight of the Lord, in asking a king for yourselves.” 18 So Samuel called to the Lord, and the Lord sent thunder and rain that day; and all the people greatly feared the Lord and Samuel. 19 And all the people said to Samuel, “Pray for your servants to the Lord your God, that we may not die; for we have added to all our sins the evil of asking a king for ourselves.” 20 Then Samuel said to the people, “Do not fear. You have done all this wickedness; yet do not turn aside from following the Lord, but serve the Lord with all your heart. 21 And do not turn aside; for then you would go after empty things which cannot profit or deliver, for they are nothing. 22 For the Lord will not forsake His people, for His great name’s sake, because it has pleased the Lord to make you His people. 23 Moreover, as for me, far be it from me that I should sin against the Lord in ceasing to pray for you; but I will teach you the good and the right way. 24 Only fear the Lord, and serve Him in truth with all your heart; for consider what great things He has done for you. 25 But if you still do wickedly, you shall be swept away, both you and your king.”

  1. Appointments
    1. Samuel continues his speech by summarizing the history of Israel up to his time
      1. Rehearsing the history of Israel is a common theme in many utterances by God’s servants (Moses, David in Psalms, Solomon, Steven, Paul)
      1. Shows Israel rebellion and God’s faithfulness
    1. Samuel states that God appointed leaders throughout their history to rescue 8- lead them (Moses, Joshua, Gideon [Jerubbaal], Deborah [Bedan], and Samuel}
      1. The leaders were righteous and faithfully served God and God’s purposes
      1. When God does the choosing of his own leaders, they serve both God 8: the people well
    1. The appointment of leaders was necessary due to the lack of understanding and obedience oi Israel
    1. In all of Israel’s history, they were not abandoned by God
  2. Patterns
    1. Samuel reminds Israel of their rebellious past
      1. They continually went after idols
      1. God had to continually punish them
    1. A pattern of rebellion, retribution by God, repentance, rescue, S: restoration set in
      1. Israel never stayed faithful for long
      1. After the terror of God’s judgment subsided Israel returned to following their own fleshly sins
    1. Types of repentance:
      1. Fear driven repentance—after being punished or severely threatened, there is a period of humility
        1. Ahab walked softly before the Lord for a time after Elijah warns him [1 Kings 21:27]
        1. Fear driven representation is only temporary-when the threat subsides old patterns return
        1. This is not true repentance
    1. Guilt driven repentance—an overwhelming sense of shame after doing an egregious act
      1. Driven by sorry, loss, and embarrassment
      1. Can lead to true repentance, but often leads to self—incriminating sorrow
      1. Repentance of spiritual conviction—having a change of heart, belief, and values that prevent any repeat of a violation of proper morality
  3. Warnings
    1. Once again Samuel chastises Israel for demanding a king [he labels it evil)
      1. The rejection of God violated Israel’s covenant
      1. There would be grave consequences for this act
    1. Samuel calls upon God to send thunder and rain
      1. The awesome storm strikes fear in the people
      1. They plead with Samuel to pray tor them
    1. Samuel states that he will pray for them, but he warns:
      1. They better stay true to Lord (power display]
      1. Do not turn aside from the Lord
      1. The Lord will sweep away both the king and the people if they pursue wickedness
    1. Only repentance of conviction will save Israel