Jul 21, 2019. Galatians 3:10-14, From Curse To Crown

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FROM CURSE TO CROWN. Galatians 3:10-14.  07/21/2019. #10. AM.

Galatians 3:10-14 [New King James Version (NKJV)]

10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse; for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who does not continue in all things which are written in the book of the law, to do them.” 11 But that no one is justified by the law in the sight of God is evident, for “the just shall live by faith.” 12 Yet the law is not of faith, but “the man who does them shall live by them.” 13 Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, having become a curse for us (for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree”), 14 that the blessing of Abraham might come upon the Gentiles in Christ Jesus, that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.

  1. Paul rationally lays out a case against Judaizers
    1. Paul uses a series of disconnected concepts to show truth
      1. The Law only brings a curse to those living by it
      1. Christ became a curse in order to save us
    1. Paul emphasizes a profound truth—A PERSON WILL BE JUDGED BY THE STANDARDS THEY LIVE BY
      1. Matthew 23 Jesus condemned the Pharisees based upon their own stated rules
      1. Legalists are hypocrites who violate own rules
  2. The Law brings a curse
    1. Paul establishes 3 principles for those who try to justify themselves through Law keeping
      1. One who seeks to be justified by the Law must KEEP ALL THE LAW ALL THE TIME
      1. Any violation of any of the Law at any time brings the CURSE of the Law on the violator
      1. Principles of justification by faith and Law are mutually exclusive (no mixture of principles)
    1. The Law is not cursed, but the Law becomes a curse to those who violate any part of the Law
    1. The law is an aid to bring people to faith {important}
      1. The Law is not evil or cruel
      1. The Law directs man to God
      1. The perfection of the Law teaches man that God is perfect it men is flawed, Incapable of spiritual perfection or self—directed holiness
      1. Since the Law cannot justify man, man is totally incapable of producing his own salvation
      1. Man must depend upon God to provide a means of salvation (faith, truth}
    1. The perfection of the Law removes the false illusion that man can save himself by his own efforts
      1. The only choice left is to trust God for salvation
      1. One must preach Law before one can preach grace
      1. Habakkuk 2:4 the just shall live by faith
  3. Jesus became a curse for us
    1. Jesus Christ took the curse of the Law on himself
      1. Jesus is perfect and flawlessly fulfills the Law
      1. Jesus took upon the guilt of sin he didn’t commit
    1. Jesus becoming a curse is pejorative and not symbolic
      1. Both the curse was real and the payment was real
      1. Jesus did not become a curse as our representative, but he became a curse as our substitute
    1. Through being our actual substitute (taking our place] he bought us back [literally, redeemed us from the marketplace where we were slaves to sin]
    1. Paul does use the commonplace “saved from sin”, but instead “became a curse“
      1. Deuteronomy 21:23 cursed is everyone who hangs on a tree
      1. When Joshua captured the 5 southern kings in a cave he killed them and hung them on trees in disgrace
      1. Jesus took the curse of the Law on himself for our sakes so we may be redeemed (I Peter 1:10-21)
    1. Christ became a curse to remove the curse from man
    1. Christ‘s payment was complete and Spirit given to us

Jul 14, 2019. I Samuel 13:1-15, King-sized Failure

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KING-SIZED FAILURE. I Samuel 13:1-15. 07/14/2019. #39.

I Samuel 13:1-15 [New King James Version (NKJV)]

1 Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, 2 Saul chose for himself three thousand men of Israel. Two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in the mountains of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin. The rest of the people he sent away, every man to his tent. 3 And Jonathan attacked the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba, and the Philistines heard of it. Then Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, “Let the Hebrews hear!” 4 Now all Israel heard it said that Saul had attacked a garrison of the Philistines, and that Israel had also become an abomination to the Philistines. And the people were called together to Saul at Gilgal.

5 Then the Philistines gathered together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude. And they came up and encamped in Michmash, to the east of Beth Aven. 6 When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger (for the people were distressed), then the people hid in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits. 7 And some of the Hebrews crossed over the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. As for Saul, he was still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling. 8 Then he waited seven days, according to the time set by Samuel. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him. 9 So Saul said, “Bring a burnt offering and peace offerings here to me.” And he offered the burnt offering. 10 Now it happened, as soon as he had finished presenting the burnt offering, that Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him. 11 And Samuel said, “What have you done?” Saul said, “When I saw that the people were scattered from me, and that you did not come within the days appointed, and that the Philistines gathered together at Michmash, 12 then I said, ‘The Philistines will now come down on me at Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to the Lord.’ Therefore I felt compelled, and offered a burnt offering.” 13 And Samuel said to Saul, “You have done foolishly. You have not kept the commandment of the Lord your God, which He commanded you. For now the Lord would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. 14 But now your kingdom shall not continue. The Lord has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the Lord has commanded him to be commander over His people, because you have not kept what the Lord commanded you.” 15 Then Samuel arose and went up from Gilgal to Gibeah of [e]Benjamin. And Saul numbered the people present with him, about six hundred men.

  1. Call to arms
    1. Saul‘s ascendancy does not last long (Saul’s star fades fast while David’s begins to rise]
    1. After Samuel’s speech, Saul sends all but 3,000 home
      1. Saul reigns 40 years over Israel
      1. Jonathan, Saal’s son, commands 1000 troops
    1. Jonathan attacks the Philistine garrison at Geba {seems to surprise Saul who has to call rest of Israel to bathe]
    1. Philistines bring a hoard (3,000 chariots and infantry) to Michmash
      1. Most of Jews hide in caves a among rocks (they are farmers. shepherds, and peasants]
      1. Some even cross over the Jordan
  2. Saul becomes impatient
    1. Saul waits seven days for Samuel to come to sacrifice
      1. God’s blessing must be sought
      1. Saul sees his army slipping away
      1. Saul decides to make the sacrifice instead (reveals Saul’s true character]
    1. Saul fails his first test (and will fail many more]
      1. Saul was told to wait for Samuel to came
      1. Saul was the king, not a priest or prophet (until Christ returns government and religion stay apart]
      1. This was a test of Saul’s faith 8; obedience
    1. Saul uses his own wisdom instead of obeying God
    1. No sooner had Saul finished his sacrifice, Samuel comes
  3. The fate of Saul
    1. Samuel asks what Saul has done?
    1. Saul’ excuses reveal his weakness {he never changes}
      1. Saul’s men were scattering
      1. The Philistines were assembling a large force
      1. Saul was afraid that the Phil. would attack
      1. Saul had to seek the Lord’s favor
      1. He was compelled to make a sacrifice
    1. Wrong decisions can be forgiven if there is repentance
    1. Saul’s reasoning was sound on a human level but not on a faith level {Saul never arises above his fleshly nature)
    1. Three factors that Saul never considers:
      1. The batlte belongs to the Lord (2 Chronicles 20:15)
        1. Saul would not win with his small force
        1. Like Gideon, this was a test of faith in a test God’s will in known and choice is ours
        1. Saul had experienced God’s working in first victory. but it did not transfer to faith
      1. Saul was afraid because he focused on situation {trust in Lord must override our tears and doubts}
      1. Saul’s compulsion to sacrifice was out of his own fears {can’t find Lord’s favor in disobedience}
    1. Like Adam. Saul fails the test miserably
      1. God’s will was clear by commandment
      1. God = going to establish Soul’s line perpetually
      1. Samuel tells Saul that his line would not last (what he told Eli at start, he tells Saul at end of ministry)
    1. Saul is told that he is seeking a man after his own heart
    1. As Samuel leaves for Gilgal, Saul is left with 600 men
    1. Saul repeats this same sin in chapter 15

Jul 14, 2019. Galatians 3:6-9, The Faith of Abraham

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THE FAITH OF ABRAHAM. Galatians 3:6-9 07/14/2019. #09. AM.                  

Galatians 3:6-9 [New King James Version (NKJV)]

6 just as Abraham “believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.” 7 Therefore know that only those who are of faith are sons of Abraham. 8 And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel to Abraham beforehand, saying, “In you all the nations shall be blessed.” 9 So then those who are of faith are blessed with believing Abraham.

  1. Consider Abraham
    1. Abraham was revered by all the Jews {founding father}
      1. Many Jews in Southern Galatia
      1. Paul had taught Galatians about Abraham
    1. Important to learn correct messages out of Scripture
      1. Judaizers taught that Abraham’s works were amounted by God as righteous
      1. Paul demonstrated that Abraham’s belief was accounted by God as righteous
    1. Not eisegesis (reading into a text one’s own opinions}. but exegesis (taking out of a text what is truly there}
      1. Abraham came 400 years before Mosaic Law given
      1. Abraham was a child of God apart tram the Law
    1. Paul took the same Abraham texts as the Judaizers but gave a different interpretation (no imposing will on text]
    1. Either Abraham’s works or his faith justified him {not both}
    1. Judaizers imposed works interpretation back to Abraham
      1. Paul believed the same thing before salvation
      1. Only dedicated Old Testament saints understood faith
  2. The just shall live by faith
    1. Salvation by faith is throughout the Old Testament
      1. Job 13:15 though he slay me, yet will I trust him
      1. Psalm 2:12 blessed are those who take refuge in the Son [trust in Lord for protection and deliverance]
      1. Proverbs 3:5 trust in the Lord with all your heart…
      1. Jeremiah 17:5-10, blessed is the man who trusts in the Lord (verse 7)…but the wicked will be judged by the fruit of his doings (verse 10]
      1. Naham 1:7 the Lord…knows who trusts in him
      1. Habakkuk 2:4 the fast shall live by faith
    1. The Judge’s argument was that Abraham was justified by being circumcised as an act of obedience (Genesis 12}
      1. Hyper—literalism — reading a passage superficially without considering the greater context and meaning (what’s the real point?)
      1. The Bible is self-interpreting {1 Corinthians 2} within chapters and books as compared to rest of Bible
    1. Paul taught the Galatians the true meaning of Abraham’s call
      1. II Timothy 2:5 — important to carefully study the Word without preconceived ideas or spiritualizing it
  3. Paul challenges the Galatians to look carefully at the Word
    1. Paul puts forth three arguments that alluded most Jews:
      1. Genesis 15:6 Abraham believed God that He would provide Abraham a son and his belief justified him
        1. His belief led to his obedience _
        1. Isaiah 64:6 all work-based salvation efforts is useless self-righteousness
      1. Abraham was not under Law {predated Law]
      1. In (through; by) Abraham all the families of the world would be blessed (not just Abraham’s seed]
    1. Paul made the connection between Abraham and the present
      1. Judges taught that Abraham was blessed because he was circumcised, so the Gentiles must be circumcised
      1. Abraham was really blessed by his faith (trust) in God
        1. Faithful women were not circumcised
        1. Faith is praised in Word; not circumcision
    1. Through Abraham’s seed, not circumcised, all are blessed
    1. Never are we said to be blessed because of circumcision of Abraha
    1. Faith leads to holy acts, but acts never engender faith

Jul 7, 2019. I Samuel 12:52-25, A King-sized Warning

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A KING-SIZED WARNING. I Samuel 12:51-25. 07/07/2019. #38.

1 Samuel 12:6-25 [New King James Version (NKJV)]

6 Then Samuel said to the people, “It is the Lord who raised up Moses and Aaron, and who brought your fathers up from the land of Egypt. 7 Now therefore, stand still, that I may reason with you before the Lord concerning all the righteous acts of the Lord which He did to you and your fathers: 8 When Jacob had gone into Egypt, and your fathers cried out to the Lord, then the Lord sent Moses and Aaron, who brought your fathers out of Egypt and made them dwell in this place. 9 And when they forgot the Lord their God, He sold them into the hand of Sisera, commander of the army of Hazor, into the hand of the Philistines, and into the hand of the king of Moab; and they fought against them. 10 Then they cried out to the Lord, and said, ‘We have sinned, because we have forsaken the Lord and served the Baals and Ashtoreths; but now deliver us from the hand of our enemies, and we will serve You.’ 11 And the Lord sent Jerubbaal, Bedan, Jephthah, and Samuel, and delivered you out of the hand of your enemies on every side; and you dwelt in safety. 12 And when you saw that Nahash king of the Ammonites came against you, you said to me, ‘No, but a king shall reign over us,’ when the Lord your God was your king. 13 “Now therefore, here is the king whom you have chosen and whom you have desired. And take note, the Lord has set a king over you. 14 If you fear the Lord and serve Him and obey His voice, and do not rebel against the commandment of the Lord, then both you and the king who reigns over you will continue following the Lord your God. 15 However, if you do not obey the voice of the Lord, but rebel against the commandment of the Lord, then the hand of the Lord will be against you, as it was against your fathers.

16 “Now therefore, stand and see this great thing which the Lord will do before your eyes: 17 Is today not the wheat harvest? I will call to the Lord, and He will send thunder and rain, that you may perceive and see that your wickedness is great, which you have done in the sight of the Lord, in asking a king for yourselves.” 18 So Samuel called to the Lord, and the Lord sent thunder and rain that day; and all the people greatly feared the Lord and Samuel. 19 And all the people said to Samuel, “Pray for your servants to the Lord your God, that we may not die; for we have added to all our sins the evil of asking a king for ourselves.” 20 Then Samuel said to the people, “Do not fear. You have done all this wickedness; yet do not turn aside from following the Lord, but serve the Lord with all your heart. 21 And do not turn aside; for then you would go after empty things which cannot profit or deliver, for they are nothing. 22 For the Lord will not forsake His people, for His great name’s sake, because it has pleased the Lord to make you His people. 23 Moreover, as for me, far be it from me that I should sin against the Lord in ceasing to pray for you; but I will teach you the good and the right way. 24 Only fear the Lord, and serve Him in truth with all your heart; for consider what great things He has done for you. 25 But if you still do wickedly, you shall be swept away, both you and your king.”

  1. Appointments
    1. Samuel continues his speech by summarizing the history of Israel up to his time
      1. Rehearsing the history of Israel is a common theme in many utterances by God’s servants (Moses, David in Psalms, Solomon, Steven, Paul)
      1. Shows Israel rebellion and God’s faithfulness
    1. Samuel states that God appointed leaders throughout their history to rescue 8- lead them (Moses, Joshua, Gideon [Jerubbaal], Deborah [Bedan], and Samuel}
      1. The leaders were righteous and faithfully served God and God’s purposes
      1. When God does the choosing of his own leaders, they serve both God 8: the people well
    1. The appointment of leaders was necessary due to the lack of understanding and obedience oi Israel
    1. In all of Israel’s history, they were not abandoned by God
  2. Patterns
    1. Samuel reminds Israel of their rebellious past
      1. They continually went after idols
      1. God had to continually punish them
    1. A pattern of rebellion, retribution by God, repentance, rescue, S: restoration set in
      1. Israel never stayed faithful for long
      1. After the terror of God’s judgment subsided Israel returned to following their own fleshly sins
    1. Types of repentance:
      1. Fear driven repentance—after being punished or severely threatened, there is a period of humility
        1. Ahab walked softly before the Lord for a time after Elijah warns him [1 Kings 21:27]
        1. Fear driven representation is only temporary-when the threat subsides old patterns return
        1. This is not true repentance
    1. Guilt driven repentance—an overwhelming sense of shame after doing an egregious act
      1. Driven by sorry, loss, and embarrassment
      1. Can lead to true repentance, but often leads to self—incriminating sorrow
      1. Repentance of spiritual conviction—having a change of heart, belief, and values that prevent any repeat of a violation of proper morality
  3. Warnings
    1. Once again Samuel chastises Israel for demanding a king [he labels it evil)
      1. The rejection of God violated Israel’s covenant
      1. There would be grave consequences for this act
    1. Samuel calls upon God to send thunder and rain
      1. The awesome storm strikes fear in the people
      1. They plead with Samuel to pray tor them
    1. Samuel states that he will pray for them, but he warns:
      1. They better stay true to Lord (power display]
      1. Do not turn aside from the Lord
      1. The Lord will sweep away both the king and the people if they pursue wickedness
    1. Only repentance of conviction will save Israel

Jul 7, 2019. Galatians 3:1-5, What Does It Mean To Believe?

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WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO BELIEVE? Galatians 3:1-5. 07/07/2019. #08. AM.

Galatians 3:1-5 [New King James Version (NKJV)]

1 O foolish Galatians! Who has bewitched you that you should not obey the truth, before whose eyes Jesus Christ was clearly portrayed among you as crucified? 2 This only I want to learn from you: Did you receive the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith? 3 Are you so foolish? Having begun in the Spirit, are you now being made perfect by the flesh? 4 Have you suffered so many things in vain—if indeed it was in vain? 5 Therefore He who supplies the Spirit to you and works miracles among you, does He do it by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?

  1. Paul’s dilemma with the Galatians, Peter, and James
    1. Judaizers – not fully understand implications of salvation in.
    1. Even though Paul was a Jew, he grasped impact at faith
      1. Paul was shocked that the ether apostles did not fully appreciate the grace of salvation (not overly complicated)
      1. Paul was shocked about lack of commitment ii fervency for holiness among many believers
    1. Understanding salvation is the key to Christian life
      1. Many believers don’t have a clear testimony
      1. Without a solid comprehension of salvation, vibrant spiritual living is not possible
        1. If you don’t know what new life in Christ means, you can’t live the new life
        1. Understanding your beginning as a new creature leads to understanding your new relationship with God. purpose, calling, hope, empowerment. and destiny
    1. Several things hinder our understanding of salvation:
      1. Our life experiences — salvation is not like anything we have experienced in life
      1. Distractions of world — we keep living as we did before salvation. pursuing worthless endeavors
      1. Uncertainty — a lack of faith and study of Word leads to doubts 8: tenuousness [Rm 10:1?)
      1. Laziness — study of Word takes effort Ecclesiasts 12]
      1. Gullibility— if we are not sure of our beliefs, unscrupulous false teachers can capture us
      1. Prior training — what we were taught and how we were raised impacts what we believe
  2. Paul embraced the whole of the New Covenant
    1. Peter viewed salvation as a culmination of the Jewish faith so that he was saved by grace as a practicing Jew
    1. Paul correctly understood salvation as a completion of the Jewish Covenant, which yielded to a new and totality different covenant with no connection to the old covenant
    1. To Paul faith in Christ was exclusive of all other tenets, but Peter treated faith in Christ as a continuation of the Old Testament
    1. Paul had advantages over Peter in his view of faith:
      1. Paul was an academic: studied to a conclusion
      1. He was highly driven to seek a promote truth
      1. He was not self-conscience [as Peter was]
  3. Foolish Galatians
    1. We are expected to know what our salvation is
    1. Believers should know how to protect and defend faith
    1. The concept of salvation by faith in Christ alone is not difficult [can defend it against “smart” and articulate frauds)
    1. Foolish = typical, mores (moros) is used for foolish
    1. In this passage anoites [unreasoning is used
      1. We have a reasoned faith
  1. (think it through)
    1. Salvation is rational, specific, and exclusive
    1. Galatians defection. was inexplicable [Paul knew that they understood, embraced, 8; promoted the Gospel)
  2. Salvation by evidence
    1. Galatians received Spirit by faith and not works of the Law
    1. The Galatians even suffered for their faith (not the Law)

Paul could not have made the Gospel any plainer