May 3, 2023. Hebrews 1:13-14

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FOOTSTOOL THEOLOGY. Hebrews 1:13-14. 5/21/2023. #4.

13 But to which of the angels has He ever said: “Sit at My right hand, Till I make Your enemies Your footstool”? 14 Are they not all ministering spirits sent forth to minister for those who will inherit salvation?

1. Angels on high

                a. Angels were created as servants of God

                                a1. Nehemiah 9:6 created on first day of creation

                                a2. Jeremiah 31:1-8 praised God throughout the creation process

                b. Angels were assigned certain estate

                                a1. Their assigned position was the highest of all creation

                                a2. Angels were privileged by the grace of God to abide in heaven as God’s personal servants

                c. Lucifer was not satisfied with his position

                                a1. Lucifer was the greatest created being

                                a2. Lucifer wanted to be equal with God

                                                b1. Isaiah 14, Ez. 28 in rebellion Lucifer led one-third of the angels against God

                                                b2. Revelation 12 Lucifer and the rebel angels were defeated and cast out of heaven

                                a3. Lucifer became Satan and his followers became the demons

                d. Lucifer tried to take the spot reserved for the Son of God (it was no Lucifer’s place)

                                a1. Genesis 3 using the same temptation he succumbed to, he tempted Eve, who fell

                                a2. Jude 1:5-7 the angels who left their proper domain are reserved for everlasting chains

                e. Only by staying in one’s proper calling can he serve well and fulfill his assigned divine purpose

2. At the right hand of God

                a. Jesus was assigned by the Father the position of Savior, ruler, and judge

                b. Psalm 110:1-4 Jesus is a priest out of the order of Melchizedek (priest and king: Gen. 14), and will rule until all his enemies are made his footstool

                c. I Corinthians 15:20-28 after all of Christ’s enemies are made his footstool, he will give everything back to the Father, who will be all and all

                d. Six times Psalm 110:1 is referenced in the New Testament (NT)

                                a1. It is quoted more times than any other OT verse, denoting its significance

                                a2. Matthew 28:18 all authority in heaven and earth have been given to Jesus

                e. Jesus’ function is multi-folded

                                a1. Colossians 1:15-18 creator of all things

                                a2. I John 2:1-2 sin offering for mankind

                                a3. John 3:16 Savior to all who believe in Him

                                a4. Hebrews 4:16 at right hand of Father interceding for the saints

                                a5. I Corinthians 3:12-15 judges works of believers

                                a6. Revelation 20:11-15 judge of all mankind

                                a7. Revelation 21 creator of the New Heaven and earth

                f. Only Jesus can sit on the throne as Lord and judge

                                a1. No created being can rule over creation

                                a2. The task of all creation is to exalt the Lord in His position as Lord of all

3. Everyone in his place

                a. The main tasks of angels now is to minister to believers (angels were sent to Elijah, Daniel, Peter, John, Joshua, Hagar, and Zechariah)

                                a1. We may never know how many times angels have protected us

                                a2. Angels know their estate

                b. The main job of angels and men is to praise God

                c. Each person also has his own position and tasking

                                a1. None of us are God

                                a2. We are called as people of faith

                                a3. Romans 12:4-6, I Corinthians 12 some are pastors, missionaries, teachers, administrators, musicians, supporters, comforters…

                d. Each person thrives in the estate in which he is called (not trying to be something else)

Key Verse: I Corinthians 15:20-2820 But now Christ is risen from the dead, and has become the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep. 21 For since by man came death, by Man also came the resurrection of the dead. 22 For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ all shall be made alive. 23 But each one in his own order: Christ the firstfruits, afterward those who are Christ’s at His coming. 24 Then comes the end, when He delivers the kingdom to God the Father, when He puts an end to all rule and all authority and power. 25 For He must reign till He has put all enemies under His feet. 26 The last enemy that will be destroyed is death. 27 For “He has put all things under His feet.” But when He says “all things are put under Him,” it is evident that He who put all things under Him is excepted. 28 Now when all things are made subject to Him, then the Son Himself will also be subject to Him who put all things under Him, that God may be all in all.