Jan 10, 2021. II Samuel 5:1-5

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THE DUAL CROWN. 2 SAM. 5:1-5. 10 JAN. 2021. #10.


Then all the tribes of Israel came to David at Hebron and spoke, saying, “Indeed we are your bone and your flesh. Also, in time past, when Saul was king over us, you were the one who led Israel out and brought them in; and the Lord said to you, ‘You shall shepherd My people Israel, and be ruler over Israel.’ ” Therefore all the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron, and King David made a covenant with them at Hebron before the Lord. And they anointed David king over Israel. David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years. In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months, and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty-three years over all Israel and Judah.


1. Long road to a crown

            a. David spent a decade going from field to throne

                        a1. Anointed to be king “as a youth” (16-20)

                        a2. Plays harp for Saul

                        a3. Defeats Goliath in single combat

                        a4. Successfully leads troops into battle

                        a5. Saul becomes jealous of David

                        a6. Merab offered to David twice as wife

                        a7. Saul chases David to kill him

                        a8. David lives among the Philistines

                        a9. David recovers peoples + goods from Amalekites

                        a10. David anointed king of Judah after Saul dies

            b. At age 30 David finally rules over Israel + Judah

                        a1. After Abner & Ishbosheth are killed, the northern

                              tribes decide to select David as their king

                        a2. It has taken a decade from anointing to crowning

2. The reunited kingdom

            a. Israel lists several reasons for choosing David to be king:

                        a1. David was a war hero, leading successful battles

                        a2. The tribes knew that David had been anointed

                               to be king over them by Samuel

                        a3. David would be a “shepherd” king

            b. Notice that the kingdom was considered two houses under

                 one roof (Israel + Judah)

            c. David learned much in the decade from staff to scepter

                        a1. David matured as a man

                        a2. David learned war & leadership

                        a3. David proved to be wise in judgment & politics

            d. David was now more ready to be king than when a youth

                        a1. He had gained the confidence of the people

                        a2. When Saul’s line was no longer a factor, David

                              was free to rule without a threat to the throne

3. David ascends to the dual throne

            a. David makes a covenant before the Lord with Israel

                        a1. Agrees to rule them according to Lord

                        a2. The people will submit to David solely as king

            b. Later, when David breaks the covenant through adultery

                and murder, there comes rebellion & unrest in the land

            c. David rules for 40 ½ years (7½ in Hebron + 33 in Jerusalem)

                        a1. The first decade or so was peaceful

                        a2. After David’s transgressions, shame & turmoil rule

            d. Several lessons from David’s journey:

                        a1. David was willing to wait for God to fulfill his word

                        a2. God sends many things in our lives to train us

                                    b1. We should neither reject nor dismiss trials

                                    b2. Patience in testing yields great gain

                        a3. David did not hold animosity toward those who

                              opposed him & was ready to forgive & move on

                        a4. Once David ascended the throne, he did well until

                            he relaxed his guard & allowed lust to consume him

            e. For David to do well on the throne he needed to remember

                the lessons God taught him:

                        a1. It was God & not David’s skill that crowned him

                        a2. David needed to stay humble before the Lord

                        a3. The most dangerous time is in the calm of life

            f. David’s work was not done by becoming king

                        a1. His main job was to set an example of holiness

                        a2. Mt. 6:33-34 holy living allows all else to follow