Sep 8, 2019. I Samuel 14:31-46, The Son of a Fool

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THE SON OF A FOOL.  I Samuel 14:31-46 09.08.2019.  #43.

1 Samuel 14:31-46 [New King James Version (NKJV)]

31 Now they had driven back the Philistines that day from Michmash to Aijalon. So the people were very faint. 32 And the people rushed on the spoil, and took sheep, oxen, and calves, and slaughtered them on the ground; and the people ate them with the blood. 33 Then they told Saul, saying, “Look, the people are sinning against the Lord by eating with the blood!” So he said, “You have dealt treacherously; roll a large stone to me this day.” 34 Then Saul said, “Disperse yourselves among the people, and say to them, ‘Bring me here every man’s ox and every man’s sheep, slaughter them here, and eat; and do not sin against the Lord by eating with the blood.’ ” So every one of the people brought his ox with him that night, and slaughtered it there. 35 Then Saul built an altar to the Lord. This was the first altar that he built to the Lord. 36 Now Saul said, “Let us go down after the Philistines by night, and plunder them until the morning light; and let us not leave a man of them.” And they said, “Do whatever seems good to you.” Then the priest said, “Let us draw near to God here.” 37 So Saul asked counsel of God, “Shall I go down after the Philistines? Will You deliver them into the hand of Israel?” But He did not answer him that day. 38 And Saul said, “Come over here, all you chiefs of the people, and know and see what this sin was today. 39 For as the Lord lives, who saves Israel, though it be in Jonathan my son, he shall surely die.” But not a man among all the people answered him. 40 Then he said to all Israel, “You be on one side, and my son Jonathan and I will be on the other side.” And the people said to Saul, “Do what seems good to you.” 41 Therefore Saul said to the Lord God of Israel, “Give a perfect lot.” So Saul and Jonathan were taken, but the people escaped. 42 And Saul said, “Cast lots between my son Jonathan and me.” So Jonathan was taken. 43 Then Saul said to Jonathan, “Tell me what you have done.” And Jonathan told him, and said, “I only tasted a little honey with the end of the rod that was in my hand. So now I must die!” 44 Saul answered, “God do so and more also; for you shall surely die, Jonathan.” 45 But the people said to Saul, “Shall Jonathan die, who has accomplished this great deliverance in Israel? Certainly not! As the Lord lives, not one hair of his head shall fall to the ground, for he has worked with God this day.” So the people rescued Jonathan, and he did not die. 46 Then Saul returned from pursuing the Philistines, and the Philistines went to their own place.

  1. Saul’s foul fowl enemies heme to meet
    1. Saul’s foolish oath produced six major errors:
      1. The oath was evil and unnecessary
      1. His soldiers tainted and suffered from Saul’s folly
      1. Jonathan unwittingly sinned against the oath
      1. The famished people killed and ate meet with the blood after sundown
      1. Saul threatens to kill his son, Jonathan
      1. The victory was incomplete
    1. At sundown the famished troops pounce on the spoils from the Philistine camp
      1. The day of the oath was over
      1. Soldiers kill animals and eat raw bloody meat
    1. Saul thought that a holy war required a holy fast
      1. Fasting and fighting do not go together
      1. Saul sets up a stone for proper slaughter and draining of the meat
    1. Saul does not realize that the troop’s sins and unfinished victory were all his fault
      1. Saul caused the soldiers to sin
      1. When we engage in behavior that trips others up we are part of their sin
    1. I Corinthians 3:13 to cause another to stumble is to cause sin
      1. Jonathan had done nothing wrong
      1. Saul invented a wrong with a foolish oath
  2. Stopped in their tracks
    1. After supper Saul wanted to finish the battle by wiping out the rest of the Philistine army
    1. The priests realized that the sin of the people may have lost the blessing of God on the endeavor
      1. Psalm 66:18 sin breaks fellowship with God
      1. They insist on casting lots to see if God was going to continue to bless Israel’s efforts
    1. The actions of the priest were wise it presented a potential disaster [like Joshua at Ai)
    1. God refuses to answer Saul
      1. Saul realizes that someone violated the oath
      1. He asks his troops who had sin (no one speaks, even those who know what Jonathan did)
        1. Jonathan was used to gain the victory
        1. What Jonathan did was not his fault
  3. A failed oath
    1. Jonathan draws lets between the leadership and his troops
      1. The leadership is chosen (not fault of troops)
      1. Jonathan is chosen as the culprit
    1. All Jonathan did was taste some honey (not a sin)
    1. Saul is going to kill his son for violating a ridiculous oath that Jonathan. had never heard
      1. Later, Saul throws a spear at Jonathan for supporting David over him
      1. Saul’s men refused to allow him to kill his son
    1. Now, a double curse is on Israel: they ate blood and now they refuse to honor the conditions of the oath
    1. Saul’s failures were based in his ego, foolish emotion driven decisions, and lack of reverence for God
    1. A prideful man is always deemed to repeat his sins