Aug 25, 2019. I Samuel 14:24-30, Out of the Mouth of Fools

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OUT OF THE MOUTH OF FOOLS. I Samuel 14:24-30. 08/25/2019.#42.

1 Samuel 14:24-30 New King James Version (NKJV)

24 And the men of Israel were distressed that day, for Saul had placed the people under oath, saying, “Cursed is the man who eats any food until evening, before I have taken vengeance on my enemies.” So none of the people tasted food. 25 Now all the people of the land came to a forest; and there was honey on the ground. 26 And when the people had come into the woods, there was the honey, dripping; but no one put his hand to his mouth, for the people feared the oath. 27 But Jonathan had not heard his father charge the people with the oath; therefore he stretched out the end of the rod that was in his hand and dipped it in a honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth; and his countenance brightened. 28 Then one of the people said, “Your father strictly charged the people with an oath, saying, ‘Cursed is the man who eats food this day.’ ” And the people were faint. 29 But Jonathan said, “My father has troubled the land. Look now, how my countenance has brightened because I tasted a little of this honey. 30 How much better if the people had eaten freely today of the spoil of their enemies which they found! For now would there not have been a much greater slaughter among the Philistines?”

  1. How to mess up a great victory
    1. Israel was winning a great victory
      1. God had used Jonathan’s initiative to rout the Phil.
      1. Saul and Israel came late to the rout
    1. The Lord had distressed the Phil. and they attacked each other while Jonathan and his armor bearer advanced
    1. Saul sees what was happening and then declares that no one is to eat until his enemies were vanquished
      1. A vow that hurt his own army
      1. This was probably the first thing that came into Saul’s mind
      1. An incredibly egotistical foolish declaration
  2. A vow of disdain
    1. Saul’s vow made no sense:
      1. it could add nothing to the battle (Matthew 23:18-20)
      1. God did not lead Saul to say the oath
      1. An army must be energized with food (fighting takes much energy)
      1. The oath placed a curse on Saul‘s own army and not the Philistines
      1. There is no power to enforce the oath spoken
    1. Oaths are universally discouraged in Scripture
      1. Colossians 5:4 they are usually detrimental
      1. Psalm 15:4 God expects payment of the oath even if it hurts the one who made the oath
      1. Numbers 30:3-13 a husband can negate a vow sworn by his wife
      1. Jephthah ‘s rash vow cost him his daughter
      1. Acts 23:12-15 forty men swore they would fast until Paul was killed
      1. Mt. 5:23 the Lord said that we should simply let our yes or no suffice
    1. Certain vows are led by the Lord
      1. Exodus 20 the covenant vow between God and Israel
      1. Psalm 116 David swore fealty to the Lord
      1. Romans 10:9-10 believers are to faith to their allegiance to the Lord
      1. Romans 13:1-7 Christians are to be loyal citizens of the state
  3. An army in distress
    1. The entire Israelite army was fainting and distressed
      1. They could not press the battle, so the victory was far less than what it could have been
      1. Saul’s ego brought misery upon his army, his kingdom, and himself (Proverbs 16:18)
    1. Leadership is responsible for the people under him
      1. Israel need a wise humble king, be got a fool
      1. A rash leader is reckless and destroys his people
    1. Jonathan was not present when the oath was made
      1. Jonathan found some honey and ate some
      1. A soldier informs Jonathan of the oath
    1. Jonathan states that his father has “troubled the land”
      1. Jonathan recognizes how foolish it is to forbid soldiers to take in nourishment
      1. Jonathan now Is under a curse though he led victory
    1. Afterward, Saul does not repent but repeats his error