Aug 25, 2019. Galatians 4:1-7, From Slave to Son

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FROM SLAVE TO SON. Galatians 4:1-7. 08/25/2019. #14. AM.

Galatians 4:1-7 New King James Version (NKJV)

1 Now I say that the heir, as long as he is a child, does not differ at all from a slave, though he is master of all, 2 but is under guardians and stewards until the time appointed by the father. 3 Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world. 4 But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law, 5 to redeem those who were under the law, that we might receive the adoption as sons. 6 And because you are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of His Son into your hearts, crying out, “Abba, Father!” 7 Therefore you are no longer a slave but a son, and if a son, then an heir [c]of God [d]through Christ.

  1. The Law as governess
    1. Paul moves from describing The Law as a warden to describing it as a child guardian, tutor, or attendant
      1. Child guardians were common in ancient Greece and Rome and gave way to the nannies and governesses
      1. A tutor taught, disciplined, guided, and protected the child and heir (Aristotle taught Alexander the Great)
    1. This is the final illustration of what The Law was like
      1. Paul goes to extremes to identify the function of The Law (a condemner, a warden, tutor, guardian)
      1. The Law is not a Savior
      1. The Law brings guilt of sin, condemnation, judgment, and hopelessness
      1. The Law directs us the One who could fulfill it
      1. Only God could deliver us from custody of Law
    1. God’s holiness is tempered by grace and love

                                LAW (God’s holiness)

                                                     / \

                                                   /__ \ LORDSHIP (saving faith)

                                              LOVE (God’s grace)

  • Ripe Time
    • In the fullness of time Christ came to save us
      • Christ was not incarnated until over 4,000 years after Adam fell and 2,000 years after Abraham
      • The Law was not given until 400 years after Abr.
      • No explanation is given as to the timing of the Incarnation into the world (Romans 5:6-11)
    • Death reigned over man for 4000 years before Christ
      • The Law was not given until 1450 years before the Incarnation
      • Men who died apart from the Law were as guilty of sin as those died after the giving of Law
      • Both The Law and Incarnation were set in fixed time
    • The fullness of time is a theme in Bible
      • Genesis 15:16 Israel would conquer the land when the sins of the Amorites were full
      • I Corinthians 15:16 Paul became an Apostle in due time
      • Acts 1:6-7 Christ will return is due time
    • The timing of Christ’s coming was set by God’s plan
    • There were several advantages to Christ coming in 1st cent.
      • Rome had united all of Europe, W. Asia, and Egypt
      • Rome had imposed peace throughout the empire
      • There was an extensive sate road system for travel
      • Greek was the common trade language of empire
      • Israel was under Rome’s control
  • From slave to adopted heir
    • While we were under the tutelage of The Law we were slaves (a child heir is treated as a slave by guardian)
    • In Christ we have obtained heirship to the throne of God
      • The Spirit seals this position in our hearts
      • God, our creator, now is also our Father
    • We are adopted children
      • Under Roman adoption laws, an adopted child had equal rights to a natural born child
      • A natural born child cannot take the place in inheritance of an older adopted child
    • Christ is the only natural son, but we have been elevated to adopted children as it we were natural sons of God