Jul 14, 2019. I Samuel 13:1-15, King-sized Failure

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KING-SIZED FAILURE. I Samuel 13:1-15. 07/14/2019. #39.

I Samuel 13:1-15 [New King James Version (NKJV)]

1 Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, 2 Saul chose for himself three thousand men of Israel. Two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in the mountains of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin. The rest of the people he sent away, every man to his tent. 3 And Jonathan attacked the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba, and the Philistines heard of it. Then Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, “Let the Hebrews hear!” 4 Now all Israel heard it said that Saul had attacked a garrison of the Philistines, and that Israel had also become an abomination to the Philistines. And the people were called together to Saul at Gilgal.

5 Then the Philistines gathered together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude. And they came up and encamped in Michmash, to the east of Beth Aven. 6 When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger (for the people were distressed), then the people hid in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits. 7 And some of the Hebrews crossed over the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. As for Saul, he was still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling. 8 Then he waited seven days, according to the time set by Samuel. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him. 9 So Saul said, “Bring a burnt offering and peace offerings here to me.” And he offered the burnt offering. 10 Now it happened, as soon as he had finished presenting the burnt offering, that Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him. 11 And Samuel said, “What have you done?” Saul said, “When I saw that the people were scattered from me, and that you did not come within the days appointed, and that the Philistines gathered together at Michmash, 12 then I said, ‘The Philistines will now come down on me at Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to the Lord.’ Therefore I felt compelled, and offered a burnt offering.” 13 And Samuel said to Saul, “You have done foolishly. You have not kept the commandment of the Lord your God, which He commanded you. For now the Lord would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. 14 But now your kingdom shall not continue. The Lord has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the Lord has commanded him to be commander over His people, because you have not kept what the Lord commanded you.” 15 Then Samuel arose and went up from Gilgal to Gibeah of [e]Benjamin. And Saul numbered the people present with him, about six hundred men.

  1. Call to arms
    1. Saul‘s ascendancy does not last long (Saul’s star fades fast while David’s begins to rise]
    1. After Samuel’s speech, Saul sends all but 3,000 home
      1. Saul reigns 40 years over Israel
      1. Jonathan, Saal’s son, commands 1000 troops
    1. Jonathan attacks the Philistine garrison at Geba {seems to surprise Saul who has to call rest of Israel to bathe]
    1. Philistines bring a hoard (3,000 chariots and infantry) to Michmash
      1. Most of Jews hide in caves a among rocks (they are farmers. shepherds, and peasants]
      1. Some even cross over the Jordan
  2. Saul becomes impatient
    1. Saul waits seven days for Samuel to come to sacrifice
      1. God’s blessing must be sought
      1. Saul sees his army slipping away
      1. Saul decides to make the sacrifice instead (reveals Saul’s true character]
    1. Saul fails his first test (and will fail many more]
      1. Saul was told to wait for Samuel to came
      1. Saul was the king, not a priest or prophet (until Christ returns government and religion stay apart]
      1. This was a test of Saul’s faith 8; obedience
    1. Saul uses his own wisdom instead of obeying God
    1. No sooner had Saul finished his sacrifice, Samuel comes
  3. The fate of Saul
    1. Samuel asks what Saul has done?
    1. Saul’ excuses reveal his weakness {he never changes}
      1. Saul’s men were scattering
      1. The Philistines were assembling a large force
      1. Saul was afraid that the Phil. would attack
      1. Saul had to seek the Lord’s favor
      1. He was compelled to make a sacrifice
    1. Wrong decisions can be forgiven if there is repentance
    1. Saul’s reasoning was sound on a human level but not on a faith level {Saul never arises above his fleshly nature)
    1. Three factors that Saul never considers:
      1. The batlte belongs to the Lord (2 Chronicles 20:15)
        1. Saul would not win with his small force
        1. Like Gideon, this was a test of faith in a test God’s will in known and choice is ours
        1. Saul had experienced God’s working in first victory. but it did not transfer to faith
      1. Saul was afraid because he focused on situation {trust in Lord must override our tears and doubts}
      1. Saul’s compulsion to sacrifice was out of his own fears {can’t find Lord’s favor in disobedience}
    1. Like Adam. Saul fails the test miserably
      1. God’s will was clear by commandment
      1. God = going to establish Soul’s line perpetually
      1. Samuel tells Saul that his line would not last (what he told Eli at start, he tells Saul at end of ministry)
    1. Saul is told that he is seeking a man after his own heart
    1. As Samuel leaves for Gilgal, Saul is left with 600 men
    1. Saul repeats this same sin in chapter 15